Part by Part Account of Orchha History

Under the British Raj, the Indian Subcontinent was split into several Vassal states that had been also called as Princely States. Although these states had their particular native rulers or kings, we were holding under the subsidiary alliance with all the British Raj. Orchha State was the sort of princely state underneath the Bundelkhand Agency on the British Raj tucked within present-day Madhya Pradesh. It was enclosed by Jhansi District, Saugor District, the States of Bijawar, Panna, Charkhari and also the Garrauli jagir. Let’s take a short look at Orchha princely state history today.


The Bundela chief, Rudra Pratap Singh established the Orchha State in 1501and reigned since the first king until 1531. He built the fort at Orchha and shifted the main city from Garhkundar to Orchha. Bharatichand was enthroned because next king but he died without that you continue his kingship. Madhukar Shah was his younger brother who succeeded the throne.

Conflicts and battles

Orchha princely state history witnessed lots of battles and conflicts over the reign of Bharatichand and Madhukar Shah. The Afghan Islam Shah Suri as well as the Mughal emperor Akbar constantly attacked a state. As per Akbarnama, Madhukar also surrendered lands to Akbar in 1577 and 1588. Some historians believe Madhukar allowed Orchha to be a tributary state in the Mughal Empire while other historians have stated he was a rebel in 1583.

Vir Singh would have been a vassal of Mughal Empire through the reign of Jahangir. He is recognized for killing Abu Fazl with his fantastic reign which resulted in 1626. His son Jhujhar Singh took over as the next king but was defeated with the Mughals and Orchha was conquered by Mughals from 1635 to 1641. His brother was installed because the King with the Mughals. The state never came completely underneath the Marathas inside the 18th century.


The Queen of Orchha built the Chaturbhuj Temple during Akbar’s reign. Madhukar Shah built Raj Mandir during his reign. Vir Singh built temples in Mathura and Vrindaban. He also built Phool Bagh garden, and also the Lakshmi temple. The beautiful palaces like Jahangir Mahal and Sawan Bhadon Mahal were also built during Vir Singh’s reign.

Later Kings

Hamir Singh ruled from 1848 to 1874 and took over as the Maharaja in 1865. Orchha and Datia attacked Jhansi in 1857 but these people were defeated by Rani Lakshmibai’s army and her allies in August 1857. Maharaja Pratap Singh who was simply enthroned because king in 1874, worked dedicatedly for the development with the state. He also designed many engineering and irrigation projects which are implemented during his reign.

British Raj

In 1811, a state became a portion of Bundelkhand Agency. It was also the oldest as well as the highest in rank out in the entire Bundela State. Spread over a location of 2,080 square miles, their state received a 15 gun salute from the British authority. Its maharajas also got the esteemed title “First from the Prince of Bundelkhand”.

Postage stamps and coins

Copper and silver coins called Gaja Shahi were manufactured in history of Orchha state. These coins featured a perception of a mace around the reverse. Datia State also copied exactly the same symbol on the coinage. Separate postage stamps were also issued by their state in 1897, 1913, 1914 and 1939. They carried denominations from half-annas to 10 rupees and many of them featured the maharaja’s portrait. These stamps were discontinued after a state became a part in the Union of India in April 1950.


The state became a part with the Union of India on 1st January 1950. It first became a a part of Vindhya Pradesh state and then became a a part of Madhya Pradesh in 1956.

Orchha State gave a fabulous piece of architecture like Chaturbhuj temple & Raj Mandir. This state was eligible for 15 gun salutes because of the British authority. Get more information regarding Orchha history.

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